The woolly rhinoceros originates from the Asian continent and migrated to Europe about 450.000 years ago. They were about the same size as the modern white rhinoceros, but were covered in shaggy hair and had two horns, of which one was massive! Complete individuals have been found in old tarpits and permafrost, still covered in fur. It is believed that early humans hunted the species to extinction during the end of the ice age. The closest living relative of the woolly rhinoceros is the Sumatran rhinoceros from Southern Asia which is also covered in patches of fur.
Pliocene to Holocene
The woolly rhinoceros genus consists of four species of which Coelodonta antiquitatis was the last living representative of the genus. It stood two meters high at the shoulders and weighed about 3.000 kg! Fossils have been found throughout Europe, but also in Kazakhstan, Russia and China.
Pleistocene to Holocene
1.800 - 2.700 kg
Fortelius, M. (1983). The morphology and paleobiological significance of the horns of Coelodonta antiquitatis (Mammalia: Rhinocerotidae). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 3(2), 125-135.