Amphicyon

Amphicyon major

Resurrected on:

Genus information

Amphicyon belonged to the group of bone-crushing “bear-dogs”. These animals looked like a wrong hybrid between a bear and a wolf, having massively built bodies and small, dog-like heads. They also had large, thick tails and teeth like a modern wolf. In some parts of the world, like North America, they were the top predator of their time, replacing several other species when they first appeared. It had very well-developed forelimbs which it probably used to wrestle large prey to the ground. Amphicyon was probably an omnivore, having a lifestyle comparable to that of a brown bear.

Family:

Distribution:

Epoch:

Amphicyonidae

North America, Eurasia and Africa

Miocene to Pliocene

Species information

Amphicyon major lived during the Miocene epoch of Eurasia and fossils have been unearthed in Southern Europe, France, Germany and Turkey. A. major had a total length of 1.8 m and weighed about 180 kg, which made it one of the smaller species within the genus, but still had the size of a modern day lion.

Species:

Paleontologist:

Distribution:

Epoch:

Amphicyon major

Lartet, 1836

Eurasia

Miocene

Length:

Height:

Weight:

1.8 m

1.0 m

180 kg

Reference:

Argot, C. (2010). Morphofunctional analysis of the postcranium of Amphicyon major (Mammalia, Carnivora, Amphicyonidae) from the Miocene of Sansan (Gers, France) compared to three extant carnivores: Ursus arctos, Panthera leo, and Canis lupus. Geodiversitas, 32(1), 65-106.

Size comparison

Distribution map

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