French Elk

Cervalces gallicus

Resurrected on:

Genus information

Cervalces is an extinct genus of large deer that lived throughout the Northern Hemisphere during the Pliocene and Pleistocene epoch. The genus shows much resemblance with a moose, but is thought to be a deer that adapted body features which made it look like one. It is therefore believed that it inhabited the same habitats as extant moose and fulfilled the same ecological niches, like living close to water and feeding on aquatic vegetation besides browsing on bushes and trees. Several species are known and all wore massive antlers, of which some could reach 1.3 meters in length each!

Family:

Distribution:

Epoch:

Cervidae

Northern Hemisphere

Pliocene to Pleistocene

Species information

The French Elk was a smaller species within its genus and lived in Europe and parts of Northern Asia during the Pliocene and Pleistocene epoch. It was more slender built, compared to other species within the genus. Its very elongated antlers were impressive, reaching 2.5 meters in length from tip to tip! They were probably used to impress females during mating season. The French Elk lived in semi-open steppes with small patches of forests.

Species:

Paleontologist:

Distribution:

Epoch:

Cervalces gallicus

Azzaroli, 1952

Eurasia

Pliocene to Pleistocene

Length:

Height:

Weight:

2.8 m

1.8 m

400 kg

Reference:

Breda, M. (2008). Palaeoecology and palaeoethology of the Plio-Pleistocene genus cervalces (Cervidae, Mammalia) in Eurasia. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 28(3), 886-899.

Size comparison

Distribution map

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