5 dec. 2020
Deinotherium was a large relative of the modern-day elephant and lived between the Miocene and Pleistocene epoch of Eurasia and Africa. The genus isn't a direct ancestor of the elephant, but diverged very early from the family tree and formed a distinct group of proboscids. The most distinct feature of the genus are its downward-curving tusks that were attached to its lower jaw. The use of these tusks is much debated, ranging from digging up roots to pulling down branches or stripping bark from trees. All species of Deinotherium had a small trunk.
Eurasia and Africa
Miocene to Pleistocene
The genus of Deinotherium exists of at least five species of which D. giganteum was one of the larger members. It stood 5.0 m high at the shoulders and probably weighed around 12.000 kg! D. giganteum lived in Eurasia during the Miocene and Pliocene epoch and fossils have been found in Europe, Turkey and Russia.
Miocene to Pliocene
Larramendi, A. (2015). Shoulder height, body mass, and shape of proboscideans. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 61(3), 537-574.