13 feb. 2021
Messelobunodon is a genus of very primitive ungulate that lived during the Eocene epoch of Europe. It belonged to the Dichobunidae family and represented one of the earliest known ungulates. In life, Messelobunodon would have resembled a duiker or chevrotain with a long tail. Each foot retained several toes with small hooves. They were probably fast-running animals due to their long limbs and slender build body.
Messelobunodon schaeferi is one of two species within its genus and fossils have been found in the Messel Pit of Germany, dating back to the Eocene epoch. It was a medium-sized species, reaching 42 cm in length (without its tail) and weighted about 2,5 kg. A complete skeleton has been found with still its gut content retained. Therefore, it is known that M. schaeferi fed on leaves, fruits and mushrooms.
Theodor, J.M., J. Erfurt, and G. Metais. 2007. The earliest artiodactyls. In D. R. Prothero, S. E. Foss (eds.), The Evolution of Artiodactyls