5 jan. 2021
Paenanthracotherium is a genus of primitive ungulate that lived during the Oligocene epoch of Eurasia. In life, it would have resembled a large hippopotamus-like animal with a narrow skull and pig-like features. Paenanthracotherium were probably bound to aquatic habitats, inhabiting swamps and shores of rivers and lakes. There, it probably fed on aquatic vegetation and roots.
Paenanthracotherium bergeri is one of three fairly new species of anthracothere that were recently split from the genus of Anthracotherium. The species was one of the largest anthracotheres and could grow up to 3.8 meters and weighted about 2.000 kg. Their skull measured already 1.2 m in length!
Scherler et al. 2019
L. Scherler, F. Lihoreau, and D. Becker. 2019. To split or not to split Anthracotherium? A phylogeny of Anthracotheriinae (Cetartiodactyla: Hippopotamoidea) and its palaeobiogeographical implications. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 185(2):487-510