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Stegodon

Stegodon zdanskyi

Resurrected on:

Genus information

One of the largest relatives of the modern-day elephants are the stegodonts. Some Stegodon species are the biggest proboscideans that ever lived and stood four meters high at the shoulders and weighed about 13.000 kilograms. They ranged from Kenya to Japan and Indonesia between the Pliocene and Pleistocene epoch. Some believe that local populations survived until 4.100 years ago. Researchers once thought that stegodonts were the direct ancestors of modern-day elephants, but currently it is believed they have no modern descendants.

Family:

Distribution:

Epoch:

Stegodontidae

Asia and Africa

Miocene to Holocene

Species information

The genus Stegodon consists of 13 species of which S. zdanskyi is one of the biggest. S. zdanskyi is known from a 50+ year old male specimen from the Yellow River in China. The individual had a shoulder height of 3.87 m and weighed approximately 12.700 kg. Its pelvis alone was already 2 m in width!

Species:

Paleontologist:

Distribution:

Epoch:

Stegodon zdanskyi

Falconer, 1847

Length:

Height:

Weight:

7.5 m

4.0 m

12.700 kg

Reference:

Larramendi, A. (2015). Shoulder height, body mass, and shape of proboscideans. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 61(3), 537-574.

Size comparison

Distribution map