22 aug. 2020
Stephanorhinus is a genus of two-horned rhinoceros that lived during the Pliocene and Pleistocene epoch of Northern Eurasia and possibly Northern Africa. It was the predominant and often only species of rhinoceros to be found during its time. Several species are known within the genus and most of them were large in size, comparable to that of the extant White Rhinoceros. They lived in a wide range of habitats, ranging from dense forests to open plains, and fed on grasses, bushes or trees.
Pliocene to Pleistocene
The Narrow-nosed Rhinoceros is known from the Pleistocene epoch of Europe and Western Asia. Its size was comparable to that of a modern Black Rhinoceros and lived on open plains. It fed mainly on grasses and small scrubs, looking at its molars and low positioned skull. It probably had a furry coat, being adapted to cooler regions. It is believed that this species also migrated to parts of Northern Africa, although this needs more evidence.
Pandolfi, L., & Tagliacozzo, A. (2015). Stephanorhinus hemitoechus (Mammalia, Rhinocerotidae) from the Late Pleistocene of Valle Radice (Sora, Central Italy) and re-evaluation of the morphometric variability of the species in Europe. Geobios, 48(2), 169-191.